Mining & Mine Management
Management Info System
3D Modelling of Mine

ETS/LIDAR Based Mineral Volume Computation

Integrated Mineral Dispatch & Surveillance Management for Royalty Collection

Integrated Mineral Dispatch & Surveillance Management System

Wagon Tracking System

Integrated Mining Equipment Performance Management System

DGPS based Mine Boundary Survey

Fuel Inventory Management System

Spares Inventory Management System

Integrated Lease Information System
Mining Tenement System
Mine Boundary Validation with DGPS
ETS / LiDAR based Change Detection
ETS / LiDAR based Illegal Excavation Mapping

  • Mining & Mine Management

  • Management Info System

  • 3D Modelling of Mine

  • ETS/LIDAR Based Mineral Volume Computation

  • Integrated Mineral Dispatch & Surveillance Management for Royalty Collection

  • Integrated Mineral Dispatch & Surveillance Management System

  • Wagon Tracking System

  • Integrated Mining Equipment Performance Management System

  • DGPS based Mine Boundary Survey

  • Fuel Inventory Management System

  • Spares Inventory Management System

  • Integrated Lease Information System

  • Mining Tenement System

  • Mine Boundary Validation with DGPS

  • ETS / LiDAR based Change Detection

  • ETS / LiDAR based Illegal Excavation Mapping

Mine Planning & Mine Management

Our product delivers overall control on Mine Design, Mine Planning Business activities in integration with Day to Day Mine Production. System allows to align Strategic Objectives of the mining company such as continuous Scheduling, Monitoring, Tracking, Controlling and Adjustments to manage demand and supply in optimized way; with daily operational management and control. Our Mine Planning and Management system is integrated with various peripheral system and capable to give holistic view of entire business. End to End Integrated Mine Planning and Management system facilitates:

  • Mineral reserve estimates with Mine lifecycle planning
  • Development plans
  • Production schedules and sequencing
  • Fleet Enhancements and Effective utilization of all available resources
  • Optimize the quantity and quality of the mined product
  • Cost estimates v/s actual analysis for Capital and Operational Cost
  • Accommodate change in input parameters at any time as per demand requirements
  • Effective Workforce Management
  • Effectively implement business strategy with Scenario Analysis

Management Information System

Management Information System gives a holistic view of entire mining activities in a integrated manner.

  • Centralized Monitoring of overall Activity
  • Plan v/s Actual analysis
  • Solution Dashboard and MIS Report for decision Making
  • Optimize Equipment Efficiency & Safety
  • Better Equipment Management
  • Real time Performance & Exploration Evaluation
  • Better Control over Illegal Activities
  • Automatic Material Dispatch and Control
  • Real time Monitoring & Tracking of Transportation within & outside Mining Area
  • Effective Communication among Mining Sites and Central Management

LiDAR based 3D Modelling of Mine

LiDAR based Survey and Modelling of Mine offers following solutions:

  • Survey and Mapping
  • Comprehensive 2D / 3D Topographic feature maps
  • Contour Maps (at user defined intervals)
  • 3D data sets (DSM, DEM, DTM) and Modeling
  • Engineering drawings – Cross / Long sections
  • 3D Animation / Fly through
  • Regulatory compliance
  • Verification & Validation with Mine Plan

Benefits of LiDAR based Mine Survey and Modeling are:

  • Data acquisition in short time
  • High Data Quality: Accuracy at sub centimeter level
  • More Flexibility: Data can be acquired under a variety of environmental conditions, including low sun angle, cloudy skies, and even darkness
  • More Safety: Less field time in hazardous location
  • Reduced labor, time, eliminates frequent, time-consuming site revisits and provides quality control
  • Remote acquisition and measurement – enables mapping inaccessible increases efficiency and safety of surveys.
  • High point density data ensures better depiction of topography.
  • More accurate mapping of forested areas due to better penetration of vegetation cover
  • Imagery and 3D visualization provides added confidence that mapped objects correspond to actual existing conditions

ETS/LiDAR based Mineral Volume Computation

ETS/LiDAR based Survey for Mineral Volume Computation following solutions:

  • 3D data sets (DSM, DEM, DTM) and Modeling
  • 3D Animation / Fly through
  • Volumetric Calculation and Resource Estimation
  • Stock Pile Analysis
  • Periodic Change detection
  • Cut & fill volume
  • Regulatory compliance

Benefits of LiDAR based Mine Survey and Modelling are:

  • Data acquisition in short time
  • High Data Quality: Accuracy at sub centimeter level
  • More Flexibility: Data can be acquired under a variety of environmental conditions, including low sun angle, cloudy skies, and even darkness
  • More Safety: Less field time in hazardous location
  • Reduced labor, time, eliminates frequent, time-consuming site revisits and provides quality control
  • Remote acquisition and measurement – enables mapping inaccessible increases efficiency and safety of surveys.
  • High point density data ensures better depiction of topography.
  • More accurate mapping of forested areas due to better penetration of vegetation cover
  • Imagery and 3D visualization provides added confidence that mapped objects correspond to actual existing conditions

Integrated Mineral Dispatch & Surveillance Management for Royalty Collection

Integrated Mineral Dispatch & Surveillance Management System in integration with ILMS system facilitates governing bodies and entrepreneurs in managing mineral logistics by:

  • Automation of check posts and barriers for weighment and inspection of minerals in transit
  • Remote Monitoring of overall operations Activities
  • Vehicle Entry/Exit identification and authentication
  • Automatic weighing and vehicle identification at Weighbridge
  • Real time Weighbridge Integration
  • Calculate loading/Unloading time
  • Optimize Manual Intervention
  • Effective Communication among Physical Sites and Central Management
  • Secure Encrypted Data Transmission to the central system, which make all records safe and secure
  • Allow authority to evaluate all mining operations on a single screen from central control room
  • Facilitate decision makers to generate necessary reports to analysis operational parameters for analysis
  • Better control over Transportation and Management

Integrated Mineral Dispatch & Surveillance Management System

Mineral Logistics management from Mine Site to Consumption/Industrial site demands for on time delivery of minerals in Right Quantity, of Right Quality, and at the Right Delivery Site. We offer these objectives through our Integrated Mineral Dispatch Management solution. The key features of this are:

  • Remote Monitoring of overall operations Parking Management of incoming vehicles with Queuing Control
  • Vehicle Entry/Exit identification and authentication
  • Autonomous weighbridge operations
  • Automatic Entry/Exit detection at loading/Unloading Points or Strategic Locations
  • Calculate loading/Unloading time
  • Reduce Manual Intervention
  • Effective Communication among Physical Sites and Central Management
  • Tracking of Transportation within premises
  • Real time Integration with ERP System
  • Secure Encrypted Data Transmission to the central system, which make all records safe and secure
  • Allow Stakeholder to View and evaluate all mining operations on a single screen from central control room
  • Facilitate decision makers to generate necessary reports for analysis
  • Transparency in Transporter wise logistic operations

Wagon Tracking System

Specifically designed for the continuous monitoring, control and management of wagons throughout mineral supply chain. Benefits of fully-equipped fleet of intelligent freight wagons, reporting their location, status and consignment details in real time are:

  • Increase Productivity of Mineral Movement
  • Locate Wagon at any point of time
  • Streamline Operations and Increase Visibility
  • Enhance Security
  • Increase Consumer Satisfaction

Integrated Mining Equipment Performance Management System

Our Equipment Management Solution allows monitoring and controlling performance of open pit mining fleet on real time basis. Decision Makers can further monitor production activity against production targets using the same. Key features of this solution are:

  • Performance comparison with predefined targets
  • Real time tracking and control of all available equipments onsite, and their performance
  • Real time information about Dumper queues and Shovel digging performance
  • Facilitating the optimization of Shovel digging rates, and thereby minimizing truck queuing at dumping and loading locations
  • System generated alerts for prompt action towards any spillage or hazard
  • Automatic Equipment assignments, thereby reducing idle time
  • Monitors track elevations to avoid damages to vehicle
  • Improves equipment utilization and minimizes the impact of scheduled crew changes

DGPS based Mine Boundary Survey

Conducting DGPS based survey of Mining Lease Boundary Pillars delivers Demarcated boundary as per lease, Precise meridian values (latitude – longitude values and UTM coordinates) of boundary points as per standard Geo-referencing framework and Geo-referenced lease map integrated with satellite imagery. Benefits of applying DGPS based boundary survey are:

  • Effectively manage boundary compliances
  • Compliance as per governmental declarations
  • gain clear sense of own jurisdiction and define own boundary clarity from others
  • mitigate boundary violations issues and avoid potential business risks arising out of such violations

Fuel Inventory Management System

Fuel, especially Diesel is one of the largest single operational costs for any open-cut mining operation. The availability and visibility of fuel inventory is therefore crucial information for managers of Fuel Storage Farms. Our Fuel Inventory Management Solution offers :

  • Real Time Fuel Stock Visibility
  • Maintain, Control and Monitor Fuel consumption
  • Real time fueling control as per Authenticity of Equipment / Vehicles
  • Identification of Equipment wise fuel usage summary
  • Real Time Fuel Inventory visibility over various Tank Level
  • Automatic calculation and accounting for fuel volume discrepancies
  • Detailed fuel usage history
  • Fuel outgo per nozzle
  • Refueling of each vehicle based on allocated job
  • Seamless integration with ERP 1

Spares Inventory Management System

On site Spares’ Stores, play a significant role in business process of any Mining Site. For such stores, efficiency in Store keeping processes, Inventory Visibility and their availability is essential. Our RFID technology equipped Inventory Management Solutions is capable to address these objectives by:

  • Accurate identification of all items
  • Accurate physical counting / auditing
  • LIFO/FIFO based item tracking
  • Rapid search of inventoried item
  • Raw and Finished inventory tracking
  • Assembly item tracking with parts
  • Batch / serial number vise item visibility
  • Item movement tracking
  • Seamless integration with ERP

Integrated Lease Information System (ILMS)

ILMS is a centralized, comprehensive Web Based Integrated Mines & Minerals Management System which comprises following sub modules:

  • Mineral Concession Application
  • Mineral Concession Information & Regulation
  • Storage / Trading License / End use Information & Regulation
  • e-Permit and e-Transit Pass
  • Mineral administration monitoring and vigilance
  • Check post and Weigh Bridge Automation
  • Truck / Transport Registration
  • Payment & SMS Gateway
  • Grievance Redressal

Mining Tenement System (MTS)

MTS an E-Governance tool will facilitate the entrepreneur to identify the suitable areas for various types of mineral concessions that are mining tenements viz. Reconnaissance Permit (RP), Prospecting License (PL) & Mining Lease (ML) through web based technology services and enable Governing bodies to monitor and manage the mining activities. MTS serves following holistic purposes:

  • Facilitate the applicant to identify the suitable area for obtaining mineral concession
  • Automation of the entire concessions life-cycle process from identification of area to closure of mines
  • Transparency in mineral application processing
  • Creation of databases and Management Information System (MIS) reports to facilitate adequate reporting to various governing bodies
  • Online submission of notices and returns and status tracking for entrepreneurs
  • Monitoring the mining scenario of the country

MTS Comprises of:

  • Online Maps for all relevant Stakeholders
  • Online Integrated Terrain Information
    • Access to both terrain mapping information, and related data (for example: field notes, specialized technical reports, and meta data)
    • Access to different kinds of information (for example: about soils, stability, vegetation, ecology …)
    • Access to information on contiguous Geographic areas
    • User friendly search engines, that is both spatial and linguistic
  • Online Integrated Lease Information
  • Real Time Inventory Updates (as & when available)
  • Online Inventory Records of Granted / Produced / Sold/ In Transit Minerals
  • Online Application for Mineral Auction & Royalty Collection
  • Automated Weighbridges & Check Posts to Validate Mineral Logistics & Royalty Collection
  • Automatic Mineral’s Mapping for Demand v/s Dispatch at Buyer
  • Automatic Trip Closure at Buyer
  • State, Country and Mineral level visibility of entire mining operations

Mine Boundary Validation with DGPS

Conducting DGPS based survey of Mining Lease Boundary Pillars enables Government in verifying and validating lease boundaries as per approved Lease area per lessee. Benefits of applying DGPS based boundary survey are:

  • Effectively manage boundary compliances
  • Compliance as per governmental declarations
  • gain clear sense of own jurisdiction and define own boundary clarity from others
  • mitigate boundary violations issues and avoid potential business risks arising out of such violations

ETS / LiDAR based Change Detection

A quick and accurate means of detecting surface change is necessary in mining governance especially for open pit mining. ETS / LiDAR based change detection shall enable government in periodic verification and validation of:

  • Volumetric Calculation of production and Resource Estimation
  • Stock Pile Analysis
  • Plan v/s Production v/s Stock v/s Royalty Collection reconciliation
  • Adherence to Regulatory Compliance

ETS / LiDAR based Illegal Excavation Mapping

Monitoring and controlling illegal and irregular Mining is the prime concern of governing bodies. For each lessee getting ground level periodic excavation details with accurate data is very time consuming and tiresome to manage. ETS / LiDAR based remote Excavation survey enables fast and accurate acquisition of ground information. It enables governing bodies in:

  • Verification and Validation of Mining Boundaries
  • Verification and Validation of Illegal as well as irregular Excavation activities

Mine Planning & Mine Management

Our product delivers overall control on Mine Design, Mine Planning Business activities in integration with Day to Day Mine Production. System allows to align Strategic Objectives of the mining company such as continuous Scheduling, Monitoring, Tracking, Controlling and Adjustments to manage demand and supply in optimized way; with daily operational management and control. Our Mine Planning and Management system is integrated with various peripheral system and capable to give holistic view of entire business. End to End Integrated Mine Planning and Management system facilitates:

  • Mineral reserve estimates with Mine lifecycle planning
  • Development plans
  • Production schedules and sequencing
  • Fleet Enhancements and Effective utilization of all available resources
  • Optimize the quantity and quality of the mined product
  • Cost estimates v/s actual analysis for Capital and Operational Cost
  • Accommodate change in input parameters at any time as per demand requirements
  • Effective Workforce Management
  • Effectively implement business strategy with Scenario Analysis

Management Information System

Management Information System gives a holistic view of entire mining activities in a integrated manner.

  • Centralized Monitoring of overall Activity
  • Plan v/s Actual analysis
  • Solution Dashboard and MIS Report for decision Making
  • Optimize Equipment Efficiency & Safety
  • Better Equipment Management
  • Real time Performance & Exploration Evaluation
  • Better Control over Illegal Activities
  • Automatic Material Dispatch and Control
  • Real time Monitoring & Tracking of Transportation within & outside Mining Area
  • Effective Communication among Mining Sites and Central Management

LiDAR based 3D Modelling of Mine

LiDAR based Survey and Modelling of Mine offers following solutions:

  • Survey and Mapping
  • Comprehensive 2D / 3D Topographic feature maps
  • Contour Maps (at user defined intervals)
  • 3D data sets (DSM, DEM, DTM) and Modeling
  • Engineering drawings – Cross / Long sections
  • 3D Animation / Fly through
  • Regulatory compliance
  • Verification & Validation with Mine Plan

Benefits of LiDAR based Mine Survey and Modeling are:

  • Data acquisition in short time
  • High Data Quality: Accuracy at sub centimeter level
  • More Flexibility: Data can be acquired under a variety of environmental conditions, including low sun angle, cloudy skies, and even darkness
  • More Safety: Less field time in hazardous location
  • Reduced labor, time, eliminates frequent, time-consuming site revisits and provides quality control
  • Remote acquisition and measurement – enables mapping inaccessible increases efficiency and safety of surveys.
  • High point density data ensures better depiction of topography.
  • More accurate mapping of forested areas due to better penetration of vegetation cover
  • Imagery and 3D visualization provides added confidence that mapped objects correspond to actual existing conditions

ETS/LiDAR based Mineral Volume Computation

ETS/LiDAR based Survey for Mineral Volume Computation following solutions:

  • 3D data sets (DSM, DEM, DTM) and Modeling
  • 3D Animation / Fly through
  • Volumetric Calculation and Resource Estimation
  • Stock Pile Analysis
  • Periodic Change detection
  • Cut & fill volume
  • Regulatory compliance

Benefits of LiDAR based Mine Survey and Modelling are:

  • Data acquisition in short time
  • High Data Quality: Accuracy at sub centimeter level
  • More Flexibility: Data can be acquired under a variety of environmental conditions, including low sun angle, cloudy skies, and even darkness
  • More Safety: Less field time in hazardous location
  • Reduced labor, time, eliminates frequent, time-consuming site revisits and provides quality control
  • Remote acquisition and measurement – enables mapping inaccessible increases efficiency and safety of surveys.
  • High point density data ensures better depiction of topography.
  • More accurate mapping of forested areas due to better penetration of vegetation cover
  • Imagery and 3D visualization provides added confidence that mapped objects correspond to actual existing conditions

Integrated Mineral Dispatch & Surveillance Management for Royalty Collection

Integrated Mineral Dispatch & Surveillance Management System in integration with ILMS system facilitates governing bodies and entrepreneurs in managing mineral logistics by:

  • Automation of check posts and barriers for weighment and inspection of minerals in transit
  • Remote Monitoring of overall operations Activities
  • Vehicle Entry/Exit identification and authentication
  • Automatic weighing and vehicle identification at Weighbridge
  • Real time Weighbridge Integration
  • Calculate loading/Unloading time
  • Optimize Manual Intervention
  • Effective Communication among Physical Sites and Central Management
  • Secure Encrypted Data Transmission to the central system, which make all records safe and secure
  • Allow authority to evaluate all mining operations on a single screen from central control room
  • Facilitate decision makers to generate necessary reports to analysis operational parameters for analysis
  • Better control over Transportation and Management

Integrated Mineral Dispatch & Surveillance Management System

Mineral Logistics management from Mine Site to Consumption/Industrial site demands for on time delivery of minerals in Right Quantity, of Right Quality, and at the Right Delivery Site. We offer these objectives through our Integrated Mineral Dispatch Management solution. The key features of this are:

  • Remote Monitoring of overall operations Parking Management of incoming vehicles with Queuing Control
  • Vehicle Entry/Exit identification and authentication
  • Autonomous weighbridge operations
  • Automatic Entry/Exit detection at loading/Unloading Points or Strategic Locations
  • Calculate loading/Unloading time
  • Reduce Manual Intervention
  • Effective Communication among Physical Sites and Central Management
  • Tracking of Transportation within premises
  • Real time Integration with ERP System
  • Secure Encrypted Data Transmission to the central system, which make all records safe and secure
  • Allow Stakeholder to View and evaluate all mining operations on a single screen from central control room
  • Facilitate decision makers to generate necessary reports for analysis
  • Transparency in Transporter wise logistic operations

Wagon Tracking System

Specifically designed for the continuous monitoring, control and management of wagons throughout mineral supply chain. Benefits of fully-equipped fleet of intelligent freight wagons, reporting their location, status and consignment details in real time are:

  • Increase Productivity of Mineral Movement
  • Locate Wagon at any point of time
  • Streamline Operations and Increase Visibility
  • Enhance Security
  • Increase Consumer Satisfaction

Integrated Mining Equipment Performance Management System

Our Equipment Management Solution allows monitoring and controlling performance of open pit mining fleet on real time basis. Decision Makers can further monitor production activity against production targets using the same. Key features of this solution are:

  • Performance comparison with predefined targets
  • Real time tracking and control of all available equipments onsite, and their performance
  • Real time information about Dumper queues and Shovel digging performance
  • Facilitating the optimization of Shovel digging rates, and thereby minimizing truck queuing at dumping and loading locations
  • System generated alerts for prompt action towards any spillage or hazard
  • Automatic Equipment assignments, thereby reducing idle time
  • Monitors track elevations to avoid damages to vehicle
  • Improves equipment utilization and minimizes the impact of scheduled crew changes

DGPS based Mine Boundary Survey

Conducting DGPS based survey of Mining Lease Boundary Pillars delivers Demarcated boundary as per lease, Precise meridian values (latitude – longitude values and UTM coordinates) of boundary points as per standard Geo-referencing framework and Geo-referenced lease map integrated with satellite imagery. Benefits of applying DGPS based boundary survey are:

  • Effectively manage boundary compliances
  • Compliance as per governmental declarations
  • gain clear sense of own jurisdiction and define own boundary clarity from others
  • mitigate boundary violations issues and avoid potential business risks arising out of such violations

Fuel Inventory Management System

Fuel, especially Diesel is one of the largest single operational costs for any open-cut mining operation. The availability and visibility of fuel inventory is therefore crucial information for managers of Fuel Storage Farms. Our Fuel Inventory Management Solution offers :

  • Real Time Fuel Stock Visibility
  • Maintain, Control and Monitor Fuel consumption
  • Real time fueling control as per Authenticity of Equipment / Vehicles
  • Identification of Equipment wise fuel usage summary
  • Real Time Fuel Inventory visibility over various Tank Level
  • Automatic calculation and accounting for fuel volume discrepancies
  • Detailed fuel usage history
  • Fuel outgo per nozzle
  • Refueling of each vehicle based on allocated job
  • Seamless integration with ERP 1

Spares Inventory Management System

On site Spares’ Stores, play a significant role in business process of any Mining Site. For such stores, efficiency in Store keeping processes, Inventory Visibility and their availability is essential. Our RFID technology equipped Inventory Management Solutions is capable to address these objectives by:

  • Accurate identification of all items
  • Accurate physical counting / auditing
  • LIFO/FIFO based item tracking
  • Rapid search of inventoried item
  • Raw and Finished inventory tracking
  • Assembly item tracking with parts
  • Batch / serial number vise item visibility
  • Item movement tracking
  • Seamless integration with ERP

Integrated Lease Information System (ILMS)

ILMS is a centralized, comprehensive Web Based Integrated Mines & Minerals Management System which comprises following sub modules:

  • Mineral Concession Application
  • Mineral Concession Information & Regulation
  • Storage / Trading License / End use Information & Regulation
  • e-Permit and e-Transit Pass
  • Mineral administration monitoring and vigilance
  • Check post and Weigh Bridge Automation
  • Truck / Transport Registration
  • Payment & SMS Gateway
  • Grievance Redressal

Mining Tenement System (MTS)

MTS an E-Governance tool will facilitate the entrepreneur to identify the suitable areas for various types of mineral concessions that are mining tenements viz. Reconnaissance Permit (RP), Prospecting License (PL) & Mining Lease (ML) through web based technology services and enable Governing bodies to monitor and manage the mining activities. MTS serves following holistic purposes:

  • Facilitate the applicant to identify the suitable area for obtaining mineral concession
  • Automation of the entire concessions life-cycle process from identification of area to closure of mines
  • Transparency in mineral application processing
  • Creation of databases and Management Information System (MIS) reports to facilitate adequate reporting to various governing bodies
  • Online submission of notices and returns and status tracking for entrepreneurs
  • Monitoring the mining scenario of the country

MTS Comprises of:

  • Online Maps for all relevant Stakeholders
  • Online Integrated Terrain Information
    • Access to both terrain mapping information, and related data (for example: field notes, specialized technical reports, and meta data)
    • Access to different kinds of information (for example: about soils, stability, vegetation, ecology …)
    • Access to information on contiguous Geographic areas
    • User friendly search engines, that is both spatial and linguistic
  • Online Integrated Lease Information
  • Real Time Inventory Updates (as & when available)
  • Online Inventory Records of Granted / Produced / Sold/ In Transit Minerals
  • Online Application for Mineral Auction & Royalty Collection
  • Automated Weighbridges & Check Posts to Validate Mineral Logistics & Royalty Collection
  • Automatic Mineral’s Mapping for Demand v/s Dispatch at Buyer
  • Automatic Trip Closure at Buyer
  • State, Country and Mineral level visibility of entire mining operations

Mine Boundary Validation with DGPS

Conducting DGPS based survey of Mining Lease Boundary Pillars enables Government in verifying and validating lease boundaries as per approved Lease area per lessee. Benefits of applying DGPS based boundary survey are:

  • Effectively manage boundary compliances
  • Compliance as per governmental declarations
  • gain clear sense of own jurisdiction and define own boundary clarity from others
  • mitigate boundary violations issues and avoid potential business risks arising out of such violations

ETS / LiDAR based Change Detection

A quick and accurate means of detecting surface change is necessary in mining governance especially for open pit mining. ETS / LiDAR based change detection shall enable government in periodic verification and validation of:

  • Volumetric Calculation of production and Resource Estimation
  • Stock Pile Analysis
  • Plan v/s Production v/s Stock v/s Royalty Collection reconciliation
  • Adherence to Regulatory Compliance

ETS / LiDAR based Illegal Excavation Mapping

Monitoring and controlling illegal and irregular Mining is the prime concern of governing bodies. For each lessee getting ground level periodic excavation details with accurate data is very time consuming and tiresome to manage. ETS / LiDAR based remote Excavation survey enables fast and accurate acquisition of ground information. It enables governing bodies in:

  • Verification and Validation of Mining Boundaries
  • Verification and Validation of Illegal as well as irregular Excavation activities
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